What is Child Abuse?

Types of Abuse

Types of Child Abuse

What is Child Abuse?

Child abuse is doing or failing to do something that results in harm or risk of harm to a child.

Types of Abuse

  • Physical
  • Emotional
  • Sexual
  • Neglect

Physical Abuse

Occurs when a child’s body is injured as a result of hitting, kicking, shaking, burning, or other show of force.

Emotional Abuse

  • Results from any form of abuse or neglect
  • Can be associated with verbal abuse, which can harm a child’s self-worth or emotional wellbeing

Sexual Abuse

Any sexual activity that a child cannot comprehend or consent to includes:

  • Fondling
  • Oral-genital contact
  • Genital and anal intercourse
  • Exhibitionism
  • Voyeurism
  • Exposure to pornography


  • Physical neglect

    – Failing to provide food, clothing, shelter, or other physical necessities

  • Emotional neglect

    – Failing to provide love, comfort, or affection

  • Medical neglect

    – Failing to provide needed medical care

Did You Know?

  • 90% of children who face abuse or neglect are abused by a caregiver or someone they know, not a stranger.
  • 1 in 20 children have been physically abused in their lifetime.
  • The majority of cases reported to Child Protective Services involve neglect, followed by physical and sexual abuse.
  • Studies have suggested that up to one in four girls and one in six boys will be sexually abused before they are eighteen years old.